Plant Dry Weight (Biomass) Responses to Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment

P

   300 ppm   600 ppm   900 ppm 
Plant Name  Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
 Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
 Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
Paederia scandens [Chinese Fever Vine] 114%0%        
Panicgrass, Blue [Panicum antidotale] 415.5%6.3%        
Panicgrass Blue [Panicum coloratum] 21%15.6% 1247.1%7.9%    
Panicgrass, Fall (Panicum dichotomiflorum) 124%0%        
Panicgrass, Lax [Panicum laxum] 430%11%        
Panicum antidotale [Blue Panicgrass] 415.5%6.3%        
Panicum coloratum [Blue Panicgrass] 21%15.6% 1247.1%7.9%    
Panicum dichotomiflorum (Fall Panicgrass) 124%0%        
Panicum laxum [Lax Panicgrass] 430%11%        
Panicum maximum [Guineagrass] 1-2%0%        
Panicum miliaceum [Broomcorn Millet] 1-13%0%        
Panicum virgatum [Switchgrass] 1-1%0%        
Pansy [Viola x wittrockiana] 130%0%        
Papaver setigerum [Dwarf Breadseed Poppy] 1390%0%        
Parthenium hysterophorus [Whitetop Weed] 162%0%        
Pascopyrum smithii [Western Wheatgrass] 563%16.4%        
Paspalum, Brownseed [Paspalum plicatulum] 19%0%        
Paspalum conjugatum [Hilograss] 118%0%        
Paspalum dilatatum [Dallas Grass] 271%7.8%        
Paspalum notatum [Bahiagrass] 310%1.9%        
Paspalum plicatulum [Brownseed Paspalum] 19%0%        
Pasture in Switzerland [Dactylis glomerata (Orchard Grass) and Dactylis glomerata (Red Clover)] 1229.1%5.7%        
Pea, Blackeyed [Vigna unguiculata] 477%10.8% 1100%0%    
Peace Lily [Spathiphyllum]     159%0%    
Peach Tree [Prunus persica] 427.8%0.8%        
Pea, Garden [Pisum sativum ] 4037%3.8% 467%11.4%    
Peanut [Arachis hypogaea] 3860.3%16.1%     135%0%
Peanut, Florigraze [Arachis glabrata] 220.5%1.1%        
Peanut, Rhizoma 157%0%        
Pea, Partridge [Cassia nictitans] 122%0%        
Pea, Partridge [Chamaecrista nictitans] 10%0%        
Pearl Millet [Pennisetum glaucum] 29.5%1.8%        
Pei Lan [Eupatorium japonicum] 124%0%        
Pelargonium [Pelargonium x hortorum] 33.3%12.8% 756.6%13% 17%0%
Pelargonium x hortorum [Pelargonium] 33.3%12.8% 756.6%13% 17%0%
Pencil Flower [Stylosanthes hamata] 118%0%        
Pencilflower [Stylosanthes scabra] 272%10.6%        
Pennisetum glaucum [Pearl Millet] 29.5%1.8%        
Peperomia, Cypress [Peperomia glabella]         1-43%0%
Peperomia glabella [Cypress Peperomia]         1-43%0%
Peperomia nivalis         152%0%
Pepino [Solanum muricatum] 469.8%20.5% 4135.8%43.4%    
Peppermint [Mentha x piperita] 129%0%        
Pepperweed [Lepidium latifolium] 240%7.1%        
Perennial Herb [Sedum alfredii] 722.9%2.2%        
Peruvian Groundcherry [Physalis peruviana] 123%0%        
Petalostemum villosum [Silky Prairie-Clover] 3-9.3%23.4%        
Petunia hybrida [Petunia] 655%9.8%        
Petunia [Petunia hybrida] 655%9.8%        
Phaeocystis [Phytoplankton] 10%0%        
Phalaris aquatica [Harding Grass] 1324.6%8.5%        
Phalaris arundinacea [Canary Grass] 834.3%12.1%        
Pharus latifolius [Broad Stalkgrass] 1144%0%        
Phaseolus acutifolius [Tepary Bean] 270%9.9%        
Phaseolus lunata [Lima Bean]     340.3%18.4%    
Phaseolus vulgaris [Garden Bean] 2074%18.6% 272%17% 670.8%12.4%
Phleum pratense [Timothy] 2014.9%3.4%        
Phragmites australis [Common Reed] 2410%17.7%        
Phragmites communis [Wetland Reed] 1-8%0%        
Phragmites japonica [Wetland Reed] 1-11%0%        
Phyllanthus emblica [Emblic] 8165%16%        
Physalis peruviana [Peruvian Groundcherry] 123%0%        
Phytolacca americana [American Pokeweed] 8-2.4%13.8% 244.5%14.5%    
[Phytoplankton] 17%0%        
Picea abies [Norway Spruce] 1533.5%4.9%     442.8%5.6%
Picea glauca [White Spruce] 7106.1%52.4%        
Picea koraiensis [Spruce] 737.9%8.7%        
Picea mariana [Black Spruce] 1836.1%10.1%        
Picea rubens [Red Spruce] 115%0%     341.7%10.6%
Picea sitchensis [Sitka Spruce] 720.7%5%        
Pigeon Pea [Cajanus cajan] 668.8%14.1%        
Pineapple [Ananas comosus] 25%9.2%        
Pine, Black [Pinus nigra] 122%0%        
Pine, Eastern White [Pinus strobus] 331.7%9%        
Pine, Eldarica [Pinus eldarica] 1153%0%        
Pine, Jack [Pinus banksiana] 318.3%8.8%        
Pine, Japanese Red [Pinus densiflora] 922.4%7.6%        
Pine, Korean [Pinus koraiensis] 227%15.6%        
Pine, Loblolly [Pinus taeda] 6760.9%7.7%        
Pine, Longleaf [Pinus palustris] 819%7.4%        
Pine, Merkus [Pinus merkusii] 2200%43.1%        
Pine, Monterey [Pinus radiata] 136%0%        
Pine, Mountain [Pinus uncinata] 10%0%        
Pine, Ponderosa [Pinus ponderosa] 4763.3%11.6% 245%7.1%    
Pine, Scots [Pinus sylvestris] 6335%4.3%        
Pinus banksiana [Jack Pine] 318.3%8.8%        
Pinus densiflora [Japanese Red Pine] 922.4%7.6%        
Pinus eldarica [Eldarica Pine] 1153%0%        
Pinus koraiensis [Korean Pine] 227%15.6%        
Pinus merkusii [Merkus Pine] 2200%43.1%        
Pinus nigra [Black Pine] 122%0%        
Pinus palustris [Longleaf Pine] 819%7.4%        
Pinus ponderosa [Ponderosa Pine] 4763.3%11.6% 245%7.1%    
Pinus radiata [Monterey Pine] 136%0%        
Pinus strobus [Eastern White Pine] 331.7%9%        
Pinus sylvestris [Scots Pine] 6335%4.3%        
Pinus taeda [Loblolly Pine] 6760.9%7.7%        
Pinus uncinata [Mountain Pine] 10%0%        
Pisum sativum [Garden Pea] 4037%3.8% 467%11.4%    
Pitted Bluegrass [Bothriochloa decipiens] 126%0%        
Plantago erecta [Dwarf Plantain] 24.5%11.7%        
Plantago lanceolata [Narrowleaf Plantain] 1146.2%15.2%        
Plantago major [Common Plantain] 331.7%4.6%        
Plantago maritima [Sea Plantain] 3101.7%27.9%        
Plantago media [Hoary Plantain] 226.5%5.3%        
Plantago virginica [Virginia Plantain] 145%0%        
Plantain, Common [Plantago major] 331.7%4.6%        
Plantain, Dwarf [Plantago erecta] 24.5%11.7%        
Plantain, Hoary [Plantago media] 226.5%5.3%        
Plantain, Narrowleaf [Plantago lanceolata] 1146.2%15.2%        
Plantain, Sea [Plantago maritima] 3101.7%27.9%        
Plantain, Virginia [Plantago virginica] 145%0%        
Poa alpina [Alpine Bluegrass] 279.5%4.6%        
Poa annua [Annual Bluegrass] 1020.2%9.1%        
Poa pratensis [Kentucky Bluegrass] 9113.9%29.8%        
Poa trivialis [Rough Bluegrass] 13%0%        
Poison Ivy [Toxicodendron radicans] 775.7%13.7%        
Polygonum cuspidatum [Japanese Knotweed] 348%14.8%        
Polygonum hydropiper [Marshpepper Knotweed] 240.5%15.9%        
Polygonum lapathifolium [Curlytop Knotweed] 519.4%4.2%        
Polygonum pensylvanicum [Pennsylvania Smartweed] 355.7%1.8%     2127%15.6%
Polygonum persicaria [Spotted Ladysthumb] 238%9.2%        
Pondweed, Curly [Potamogeton crispus]     316.7%2%    
Poplar, Hybrid [Populus tremula x alba] 217%0.7%        
Poplar, Black [Populus nigra] 1553.9%12.2%        
Poplar Clone, Robusta [Populus deltoides x Populus deltoides] 663.3%13.7%        
Poplar, Hybrid [Populus trichocarpa x Populus trichocarpa] 776.7%23.4%        
Poplar, Robusta [Populus euramericana] 2195.4%33.2%        
Poplar, White [Populus alba] 1443.9%4.7%        
Poplar, Yellow [Liriodendron tulipifera] 334%4.7%        
Poppy, Dwarf Breadseed [Papaver setigerum] 1390%0%        
Populus cathayana [Qing Yang] 439.8%9.5%        
Populus tremula x alba [Poplar, Hybrid] 217%0.7%        
Populus alba [White Poplar] 1443.9%4.7%        
Populus deltoides [Eastern Cottonwood] 753.7%13.6%     396%0%
Populus deltoides x Populus deltoides [Robusta Poplar Clone] 663.3%13.7%        
Populus euramericana [Robusta Poplar] 2195.4%33.2%        
Populus grandidentata [Bigtooth Aspen] 129%0%        
Populus nigra [Black Poplar] 1553.9%12.2%        
Populus tremula x Populus tremula [Hybrid Aspen] 640.3%18%        
Populus tremuloides [Quaking Aspen] 3558.1%9.3%        
Populus trichocarpa [Black Cottonwood] 5124%93.2%        
Populus trichocarpa x Populus trichocarpa [Hybrid Poplar] 776.7%23.4%        
Potamogeton crispus [Curly Pondweed]     316.7%2%    
Potato, Sweet [Ipomoea batatas] 633.7%9.3% 1148%0%    
Potato, White [Solanum tuberosum] 4131.6%3.2% 1759.6%9% 171%0%
Pothos [Scindapsus aureus] 139%0% 161%0% 173%0%
Prairie Sagewort [Artemisia frigida] 2121%17%        
Prickly Pear [Opuntia ficus-indica] 938.2%13.3%        
Prorocentrum minimum [A Marine Dinoflagellate] 220%3.5%        
Prosopis flexuosa [Deciduous Tree] 142%0%        
Prosopis glandulosa [Honey Mesquite] 1337.7%5.2%        
Prunella vulgaris [Selfheal] 278%17.7%        
Prunus avium [Sweet Cherry] 859.8%7.8%        
Prunus laurocerasus [English Laurel] 156%0%        
Prunus persica [Peach Tree] 427.8%0.8%        
Prunus serotina [Black Cherry] 242%1.4%        
Pseudotsuga menziesii [Douglas Fir] 69.7%3.9%        
Pteridium revolutum [Hairy Bracken] 349%7.4%        
Pteridium aquilinum [Bracken] 445.3%20.5%        
Pteris vittata [Ladder brake] 338.3%6.9%        
Puccinellia maritima [Seaside Alkaligrass] 461%31%        
Puccinellia nuttalliana [Nuttall's Alkaligrass]         190%0%
Pueraria lobata (Leguminous Weed) 198%0% 1131%0%    
Purging Nut [Jatropha curcas] 575.8%32%        
Purple Pigeon Grass [Setaria incrassata] 16%0%        
Purple Witchweed [Striga hermonthica] 1-65%0%        
Pyrrosia piloselloides [Tropical Fern] 178%0%        
Pyrus pyrifolia [Asian Pear] 223.5%5.3%        

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