Plant Photosynthesis (Net CO2 Exchange Rate) Responses
to Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment

C

   300 ppm   600 ppm   900 ppm 
Plant Name  Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
 Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
 Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
C3 Grass [Stipa baicalensis] 1060.4%11.6%        
Cacao [Theobroma cacao] 464.3%11.4%        
Cactus, Tree [Stenocereus queretaroensis] 130%0%        
Cajanus cajan [Pigeonpea] 3115%25.5%        
Calamagrostis epigeios [Chee Reedgrass] 127%0%        
Calamondin [Citrus madurensis] 2195%74.2%        
Calluna vulgaris [Heather] 20114.5%48.5%        
Calophyllum longifolium [Tropical Tree] 1-15%0%        
Caloplaxa trachyphylla [Lichen] 138%0% 1115%0%    
Camissonia brevipes [Yellow Cups]     239.5%3.9%    
Camphorweed [Heterotheca subaxillaris] 117%0%        
Canary Grass [Phalaris arundinacea] 3229.6%2%        
Candle Anemone [Anemone cylindrica] 357.3%18.5%        
Canola [Brassica napus] 1460%17.5%        
Cantaloupe [Cucumis melo] 553.4%3% 397.3%3.1% 3134%6.6%
Capsicum annuum [Bell Pepper] 1033.3%6.2% 3295.7%77.8% 9202.2%62.8%
Carapa surinamensis [Andiroba] 484.3%22.7%        
Carex bigelowii [Bigelow's Sedge] 10%0%        
Carex curvula dominated alpine grassland 266.5%15.2%        
Carex flacca [Heath Sedge] 155%0%        
Carex paleacea [Chaffy Sedge] 134%0%        
Carica papaya [Papaya]            
Cariniana legalis [Jequitiba Tree] 239.5%11%        
Carob [Ceratonia siliqua] 640.5%7.5%        
Carpinus betulus [European Hornbeam] 414.8%6.4%        
Carrizo citrange [Citrus sinensis x Poncirus trifoliata] 276.5%9.5%        
Carthamus tinctorius [Safflower]     127%0%    
Carya glabra Sweet [Pignut Hickory] 357.3%22.8%        
Carya ovata [Shagbark Hickory] 135%0%        
Cassava [Manihot esculenta Crantz] 27%34.6%        
Castanea sativa [Sweet Chesnut] 266.5%37.8%        
Castanopsis hystrix [Chinkapin] 257%3.5%        
Castor Aralia [Kalopanax septemlobus] 163%0%        
Cecropia longipes 117%0%        
Cenchrus ciliaris 131%0%        
Centella [Centella asiatica] 133%0%        
Centella asiatica [Centella] 133%0%        
Ceratonia siliqua [Carob] 640.5%7.5%        
Cercis canadensis [Eastern Redbud] 3127.3%48%        
Chairmaker's Bulrush [Schoenoplectus americanus] 127%0%        
Chamaenerion angustifolium [Narrowleaved Fireweed] 196%0%        
Channelled Wrack [Pelvetia canaliculata] 157%0%        
Cheatgrass [Bromus tectorum] 156%0%        
Chenopodium quinoa [Quinoa] 393%21.2%        
Chenopodium album [Lambsquarters] 643.3%8.9%        
Cherry, Black [Prunus serotina] 363.7%5.7%        
Cherry, Sweet [Prunus avium] 13173.3%37.9%        
Chesnut, Sweet [Castanea sativa] 266.5%37.8%        
Chinese Fever Vine [Paederia scandens] 13%0%        
Chinese Lyme-grass [Leymus chinensis] 566.8%27.5%        
Chinese Red Pine [Pinus tabulaeformis] 459%7.7%        
Chinese Seabuckthorn [Hippophae gyantsensis] 1153%0%        
Chinese Woad [Isatis indigotica] 447.8%6%        
Chinese Yam [Dioscorea opposita] 475.8%11%        
Chinkapin [Castanopsis hystrix] 257%3.5%        
Cinquefoil, Alpine [Potentilla crantzii] 125%0%        
Cirsium arvense [Canadian Thistle] 456.5%8%        
Cistus [Cistus salviifolius] 153%0%        
Cistus salviifolius [Cistus] 153%0%        
Citrus limon [Lemon Tree] 225.5%5.3%        
Citrus aurantium [Sour Orange] 12111.6%15.3% 1210%0%    
Citrus madurensis [Calamondin] 2195%74.2%        
Citrus paradisi Macfad. budded to Citrus paradisi Blanco (Cleopatra mandarin) rootstock [Marsh Grapefruit] 260%4.9%        
Citrus paradisi Macfad. budded to Citrus paradisi (L.) Raf. rootstock [Marsh Grapefruit] 270%14.1%        
Citrus reticulata [Mandarin Orange] 245.5%8.8%        
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck budded to Citrus sinensis Blanco (Cleopatra manderin) rootstock [Washington Naval Orange] 252.5%10.3%        
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck budded to Citrus sinensis (L.) Raf. rootstock [Washington Naval Orange] 243.5%8.1%        
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck x Citrus sinensis Blanco (Cleoplatra manderin) [Valencia Orange] 242.5%15.9%        
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck x Citrus sinensis (L.) Raf. [Valencia Orange] 254.5%5.3%        
Citrus sinensis [Sweet Orange] 257%4.9%        
Citrus sinensis x poncirus trifoliata [Carrizo Citrange] 276.5%9.5%        
Cladonia rangiferina (L.) Wigg. [Fruticose Lichen] 131%0% 155%0%    
Claoxylon sandwicense [Po'ola] 3100%12.5% 1130%0%    
Climbing Dayflower [Commelina diffusa] 118%0%        
Climbing Nightshade [Solanum dulcamara] 628.8%3.1%        
Clover, Subterranean [Trifolium subterraneum] 119%0%        
Clover, White [Trifolium repens] 2249.4%7.4%        
Coastal Scrub Wattle [Acacia minuta] 121%0%        
Cocklebur, Rough [Xanthium strumarium] 430.8%12.9% 162%0%    
Codlins and Cream [Epilobium hirsutum] 162%0%        
Coffea arabica [Coffee] 877%9.3%        
Coffea canephora [Coffee, Robusta] 146%0%        
Coffea arabusta [Coffee] 2271%65.1% 6265.7%206.9%    
Coffee [Coffea arabica] 877%9.3%        
Coffee, Robusta [Coffea canephora] 146%0%        
Coffee [Coffea arabusta] 2271%65.1% 6265.7%206.9%    
Collema furfuraceum [Jelly Lichen] 142%0%        
Colocasia esculenta [Taro] 950.6%2.4%        
Commelina diffusa [Climbing Dayflower] 118%0%        
Common Cattail [Typha latifolia] 11%0%        
Common Name TEst [Scientific name test] 192%0%        
Common Seabuckthorn [Hippophae rhamnoides] 158%0%        
Common Sorrel [Rumex acetosa] 153%0%        
Concord Grape [Vitis labrusca] 118%0%        
Conebush, Dune [Leucadendron coniferum 238%14.1%        
Conebush, Golden [Leucadendron laureolum] 228.5%5.3%        
Conebush, Limestone [Leucadendron meridianum] 218%10.6%        
Conebush, Sickle-leaf [Leucadendron xanthoconus 259%9.9%        
Coolibah Tree [Eucalyptus microtheca 157%0% 1115%0%    
Cordgrass, Common [Spartina anglica] 133%0%        
Cordgrass, Saltmeadow [Spartina patens]            
Cordgrass, Smooth [Spartina alterniflora] 119%0%        
Cordia alliodora [Spanish Elm] 141%0%        
Corn [Zea mays] 2823.7%8.8%        
Corynocarpus laevigatus [Karaka Nut] 179%0%        
Cotton [Gossypium hirsutum] 2044.2%5.2% 1111%0%    
Cottonwood, Eastern [Populus deltoides] 932.6%6.6%     7121.6%20.4%
Cottonwood, Fremont's [Populus fremontii] 330.7%15.9%        
Couch Grass [Agropyron repens] 342%18.5%        
Couch Grass [Elymus repens] 1176%0%        
Crabgrass, Hairy [Digitaria sanguinalis] 375.3%32.7%        
Creeping Daisy [Wedelia trilobata] 274%1.4%        
Creosote Bush [Larrea tridentata] 10103.6%24.4%        
Cress, Mouse Ear [Arabidopsis thaliana] 1378.2%22.8% 2163%46.7%    
Crocosphaera watsonii [Diazotrophic Cyanobacterium] 271%38.2%        
Croton urucurana [Dragons Blood Tree] 247%17.7%        
Cucumber, Garden [Cucumis sativus] 974.9%40.8%     273%9.2%
Cucumis melo [Cantaloupe] 553.4%3% 397.3%3.1% 3134%6.6%
Cucumis sativus [Garden Cucumber] 974.9%40.8%     273%9.2%
Cucurbita pepo [Zucchini] 234%6.4%        
Cups, Yellow [Camissonia brevipes]     239.5%3.9%    
Curly Pondweed [Potamogeton crispus]     4112.3%65.3%    
Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii [Freshwater Cyanobacterium]     254%12.7%    
Cynodon dactylon [Bermudagrass] 285.5%22.3%        
Cyperus esculentus [Yellow Nutsedge] 1-26%0%        
Cyperus rotundus [Purple Nutsedge] 16%0%        
Cyprus, Bald [Taxodium distichum] 795.1%26.9%        

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