Plant Dry Weight (Biomass) Responses to Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment

S

   300 ppm   600 ppm   900 ppm 
Plant Name  Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
 Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
 Number of
Studies 
 Arithmetic
Mean 
 Standard
Error 
Snow Gum Tree [Eucalyptus pauciflora] 1067.1%9.5%        
Saccharina latissima [Sugar Kelp] 7435.1%5.3%        
Saccharum officinarum [Sugarcane] 1134%6.5%        
Safflower [Carthamus tinctorius]     143%0%    
Sage [Salvia officinalis] 221%11.3%        
Sagebrush, Big [Artemisia tridentata] 424.3%6.1%        
Sage, Pitcher [Salvia pitcheri] 225.5%2.5%        
Sago Palm [Cycas revoluta] 1172%0%        
Sainfoin [Onobrychis viciaefolia] 121%0%        
Saintpaulia ionantha [African Violet]     1073.3%10.8%    
Salix jiangsuensis [Willow] 238.5%8.8%        
Salix myrsinifolia [Dark Leaved Willow] 870.8%13.7%        
Salvation Jane [Echium plantagineum] 415.8%6.2%        
Salvia officinalis [Sage] 221%11.3%        
Salvia pitcheri [Pitcher Sage] 225.5%2.5%        
Sand Sedge [Carex arenaria] 126%0%        
Sanguisorba minor [Small Burnet] 681.2%15.2%        
Scallion [Allium fistulosum] 1135%0%        
Scandinavian Small Reed [Calamagrostis purpurea] 218%7.8%        
Scenedesmus acutus[Unicellular Alga]         1350%0%
Schefflera actinophylla [Queensland Umbrella Tree] 130%0%        
Schima superba[Subtropical Tree] 227.5%11%        
Schizachyrium scoparium [Little Bluestem] 918.2%9%        
Schoenoplectus americanus [Chairmaker's Bulrush] 127%0%        
Scindapsus aureus [Pothos] 139%0% 161%0% 173%0%
Scirpus lacustris [Softstem Bulrush] 1-2%0%        
Scirpus olneyi [Salt Marsh Sedge] 1017.4%7.7%        
Scutellaria barbata [Barbed Skullcap]         161%0%
Scutellaria lateriflora [Blue Skullcap]         150%0%
Seaweed [Lomentaria articulata] 1269%0%        
Sedge, Beaked [Carex rostrata] 144%0%        
Sedge, Bigelow's [Carex bigelowii] 10%0%        
Sedge, Heath [Carex flacca] 573.8%18.2%        
Sedge, Salt Marsh [Scirpus olneyi] 1017.4%7.7%        
Sedum alfredii [Perennial Herb] 623.3%2.4%        
Selenicereus megalanthus [Yellow Pitaya]     166%0%    
Selfheal [Prunella vulgaris] 278%17.7%        
Senecio jacobea [Ragwort] 121%0%        
Senecio vulgaris [Common Groundsel] 266%25.5%        
Sesbania vesicaria [Bagpod] 160%0%        
Setaria glauca [Yellow Bristle Grass] 116%0%        
Seteria faberi [Japanese Bristlegrass] 518.8%6.7% 125%0%    
Seteria viridis [Green Bristlegrass] 416%0.8%        
Sheep Sorrel, Common [Rumex acetosella] 224%2.1%        
Shorea leprosula 238.5%11%        
Silene cretica in mixed stands with Silene cretica [Common Flax] 298.5%17.3%        
Silene latifolia [White Campion] 643.5%9%        
Silene noctiflora [Night-flowering Catchfly] 144%0%        
Silver Vase Bromeliad [Aechmea fasciata] 526.2%14.9%        
Sinapis alba [White Mustard] 421.3%4.1%     129%0%
Six Perennial Species [Grassland community in antwerp, belgium] 148%0%        
Sleepingplant [Cassia fasciculata] 217.5%27.2%        
Smartweed, Pennsylvania [Polygonum pensylvanicum] 355.7%1.8%     2127%15.6%
Smut Grass [Sporobolus indicus] 1-5%0%        
Soft Rush [Juncus effuses] 1-5%0%        
Softstem Bulrush [Scirpus lacustris] 1-2%0%        
Solanum viarum [Tropical Soda Apple] 139%0%        
Solanum curtilobum [Shortlobe Solanum] 263%5.7%        
Solanum dulcamara [Climbing Nightshade] 1046.5%9.3%        
Solanum lycopersicum [Tomato] 2152.5%23% 253.5%23.7%    
Solanum melongena [Eggplant] 141%0%        
Solanum muricatum [Pepino] 469.8%20.5% 4135.8%43.4%    
Solanum, Shortlobe [Solanum curtilobum] 263%5.7%        
Solanum tuberosum [White Potato] 3730.6%3.4% 1759.6%9% 171%0%
Solidago canadensis [Canadian Goldenrod] 21750%1237.4%        
Solidago rigida [Stiff Goldenrod] 127%0%        
Sorghastrum nutans [Yellow Indian Grass] 39.7%14.4%        
Sorghum Hybrid [Sorghum vulgare x sorghum vulgare var. sudanense]     867.1%16.5%    
Sorghum vulgare x sorghum vulgare var. sudanense [Sorghum Hybrid]     867.1%16.5%    
Sorghum bicolor [Sorghum] 2819.9%3.5% 141%0%    
Sorghum halepense [Johnsongrass] 3-13%14.3%        
Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor] 2819.9%3.5% 141%0%    
Sorghum sudanense [Sudan Grass] 114%0%        
Sour Orange Tree [Citrus aurantium] 569.4%9.1%        
Soybean [Glycine max] 19245.7%2.7% 2670.4%7.6% 361%11.3%
Spartina densiflora [Dense Flowered Cordgrass] 324.3%12.4%        
Spartina alterniflora [Smooth Cordgrass] 20%0%        
Spartina anglica [Common Cordgrass] 319%25.1%        
Spathiphyllum [Peace Lily]     159%0%    
Spergula arvensis [Corn Spurrey] 2-20%7.8%        
Sphagnum cuspidatum [Toothed Sphagnum] 142%0% 1266%0%    
Sphagnum magellanicum [Magellan's Sphagnum] 126%0%        
Sphagnum, Magellan's [Sphagnum magellanicum] 126%0%        
Sphagnum, Papillose [Sphagnum papillosum] 257.5%0.4%        
Sphagnum papillosum [Papillose Sphagnum] 257.5%0.4%        
Sphagnum, Recurved [Sphagnum recurvum] 412.3%7%        
Sphagnum recurvum [Recurved Sphagnum] 412.3%7%        
Sphagnum, Toothed [Sphagnum cuspidatum] 142%0% 1266%0%    
Spider Lily [Hymenocallis littoralis] 252%2.8%        
Spinach [Spinacia oleracea] 429.5%6.2%     1118%0%
Spinacia oleracea [Spinach] 429.5%6.2%     1118%0%
Sporobolus indicus [Smut Grass] 1-5%0%        
Sporobolus pyramidalis [Whorled Dropseed] 633.5%21.7%        
Spring Avens [Geum vernum] 235.5%3.2%        
Spring Vetch [Vicia lathyroides] 1114%0%        
Spruce, Black [Picea mariana] 1737.7%10.6%        
Spruce, Norway [Picea abies] 1533.5%4.9%     442.8%5.6%
Spruce [Picea koraiensis] 737.9%8.7%        
Spruce, Red [Picea rubens]         341.7%10.6%
Spruce, Sitka [Picea sitchensis] 720.7%5%        
Spruce, White [Picea glauca] 7106.1%52.4%        
Spurrey, Corn [Spergula arvensis] 2-20%7.8%        
Squash, Summer [Cucurbita pepo]     183%0%    
Stalkgrass, Broad [Pharus latifolius] 1144%0%        
Sticky Snakeroot [Eupatorium adenophorum] 527.4%4.5%        
Stipa grandis [Needlegrass] 130%0%        
Stipa thurberiana [Thurber Needlegrass] 111%0%        
St. John's Wort [Hypericum perforatum] 172%0% 1107%0% 332%0%
Strawberry, Hybrid [Fragaria x ananassa] 442.8%13.1% 463%12.3%    
Striga hermonthica [Purple Witchweed] 1-65%0%        
Stylosanthes hamata [Pencil Flower] 118%0%        
Stylosanthes scabra [Pencilflower] 272%10.6%        
Subterranean Clover [Trifolium subterraneum] 1756%0%        
Sugarcane [Saccharum officinarum] 1134%6.5%        
Sugargum [Eucalyptus cladocalyx] 287.5%9.5%        
Sunflower [Helianthus annus] 1336.5%6.8% 431.8%14.6% 473%34.1%
Sunn Hemp [Crotalaria juncea] 245%9.9%        
Sweet Thorn [Acacia karroo] 353.7%5.9%        
Sweetgum [Liquidambar styraciflua] 20132.4%23.5%        
Sweet Orange Tree [Citrus sinensis] 238.5%4.6%        
Sweet Vernal Grass [Anthoxanthum odoratum] 1170%0%        
Switchgrass [Panicum virgatum] 1-1%0%        
Swordfern, Boston [Nephrolepis exaltata]     229%3.5% 17%0%
Sycamore [Acer pseudoplatanus] 334.3%12.8%        
Sydney Blue Gum [Eucalyptus saligna] 4139.5%46.8%        
Symphiocarpos orbiculatus [Buck Brush] 298.5%42.1%        
Syracosphaera pulchra [Marine Coccolithophore] 29%2.8%        

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